Accordingly, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh emphasized the view that the development orientation of the agricultural sector is to focus on transforming the growth model, shifting the mindset from agricultural production to agricultural economic development, from the linkage chain. supply agricultural products to link the value of the commodity industry, switch from high-yield agriculture to high-tech, ecological agriculture…
Agricultural development is not stable and sustainable
According to the above announcement, in the period of 2016-2020, all 15 out of 15 key growth targets of the industry have met and exceeded the set target, in 2020, agricultural, forestry and fishery exports will reach over $41.5 billion. New rural construction reached 62%, finished two years early, the average income of rural people reached 43 million VND/person, an increase of 1.92 times compared to the beginning of the term.
In addition to the achieved results, the agriculture and rural development sector also has some shortcomings and limitations, in which, the development of agriculture is not stable and sustainable, depending on natural disasters, weather, market conditions, etc. consumption market, while the export market is increasingly difficult; supply and demand forecasts, the market is still limited, the post-harvest processing and preservation industry has not yet developed strongly, so there is still a situation of devaluation and rescue of agricultural products; production is still mainly household economy, fragmented and small; The production relations innovation is still slow, the forms of organization and production linkages are formed mainly spontaneously, the efficiency is not really stable; Inter-regional connectivity is still fragmented, market connectivity is not smooth, logistics costs are still high…
The Prime Minister agreed on the main targets to 2025 stated in the report of the Ministry: GDP growth rate of the whole industry 2.5 – 3.0%/year; total export turnover from 48 – 50 billion USD; the rate of communes meeting new rural standards is at least 80%; rural residents’ incomes will be 1.5 times higher by 2020; forest coverage rate maintained at 42%, improving forest quality. At the same time, it is necessary to effectively use agricultural land, increase the added value of agricultural land and promote the development of agricultural cooperatives.
Perspectives and orientations for the development of the agricultural sector
The Prime Minister affirmed that the three main pillars of the industry are agriculture, rural areas and farmers, in which farmers must be the center, the subject, the countryside is the foundation, the basis and agriculture is the motivation. Agricultural development activities must revolve around farmers in order to improve the material, spiritual and quality of life for farmers; harmoniously resolve the relationship between the State, society and the market. The field of agriculture – rural areas – farmers must continue to contribute to political and social stability, promote the development of industrialization and modernization of the country.
Along with that, it is necessary to focus on transforming the growth model, changing the mindset from agricultural production to developing the agricultural economy, from the supply chain of agricultural products to the value linkage of the commodity industry, from agribusiness. High-yield industry to high-tech, ecological, responsible, sustainable agriculture, initiating digital transformation, moving from single-sector development to multi-sectoral integration, from single-value to multi-valued integration, from supporting inputs to both inputs, while focusing on supporting and connecting outputs, paying attention to developing export markets along with focusing on developing the domestic market.
At the same time, it is necessary to promote the spirit of self-reliance, self-reliance, selective inheritance, but must innovate to develop, do not expect to be dependent, must actively attack, be flexible and creative to turn nothing into existence. make the difficult become easy, make the impossible possible. Taking internal resources as basic, strategic, long-term, decisive, external resources as important, breakthrough for development; strengthen decentralization and decentralization, along with stepping up inspection and supervision.
The ministry needs to do well in state management, focus on macro management, build institutions, strategies, planning, mechanisms and policies, develop management tools, check and monitor the implementation show; strengthen the mobilization of resources for investment and industry development through public-private partnership (study of public leadership models, private governance, investment investment, public use and investment, private management) on the basis for ensuring balance, reasonable harmonization of interests and sharing of risks between the state, people and enterprises. Concentrating resources for three strategic breakthroughs, investing with focus and focus, avoiding spreading, working to the end to bring about efficiency; exploit, use and manage in accordance with regulations, but the implementation must be flexible and efficient, and increase added value in agricultural production; focus on the efficiency of land exploitation.
Implement synchronously and effectively restructuring the agricultural industry according to 3 main product axes
Regarding the key tasks in the coming time, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh agreed with the tasks mentioned in the report of the Ministry, asking each cadre, party member, civil servant, public employee and employee to take the initiative. , be creative, dare to think, dare to do, promote achievements, overcome limitations so that the agricultural industry continues to develop rapidly and sustainably.
In the coming time, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development needs to focus on a number of tasks such as: building and effectively organizing the implementation of the Action Program to implement the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress of the agricultural sector and the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress of the agricultural sector the National Assembly’s decision on the socio-economic development plan 2021-2025; thoroughly grasp and organize the implementation of the Resolutions and conclusions of the Central Committee, the Politburo, the Secretariat, the Resolutions No. 01/NQ-CP and No. 45/NQ-CP of the Government.
Along with that, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development focused on reviewing and perfecting institutions, building mechanisms, policies, strategies, and planning, with specific solutions to remove bottlenecks in policies to create incentives. new force for the development of commodity agriculture and new rural construction; promote socialization, strong decentralization coupled with enhanced inspection and supervision, the principle is that what businesses and people can do, do better, let businesses, people do, local things If we can do it and do it better, let the localities do it. The Ministry focuses on macro management, developing strategies, planning, plans, mechanisms and policies to mobilize resources, standards, regulations, and guiding processes. , guide, check, monitor.
The Prime Minister requested the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to synchronously and effectively restructure the agricultural sector according to three main product axes, sectors and fields, and restructure production by region; to step up the implementation of the One Commune One Product (OCOP) Program to contribute to poverty alleviation, enrichment and promotion of large production on the basis of promoting the potential and advantages of the region; reorganize production, develop appropriate and effective forms of production organization in association with the digital transformation process, the digital economy, develop strongly, rationally and in accordance with the cooperative system, associated with restructuring the agricultural sector; summarize and summarize to build theory and practice on agriculture, farmers and rural areas, closely follow reality, market demand, replicate highly effective models,
In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development should promote mechanization and application of science and technology in agricultural production; developing industry serving agriculture, processing and preservation industry, increasing the proportion of deep processing to increase added value of products; develop clusters of production links associated with raw material areas, forms of cooperation in production and processing connected with domestic and international consumption systems; renewing agricultural extension work, doing well forecasting supply and demand, providing information on market conditions, connecting producers and consumers, taking advantage of FTAs, especially EVFTA, CTPPP to restructure the market export markets, reduce dependence on some markets, remove barriers to market penetration, attach importance to the domestic market, bring goods from rural areas to urban areas, and build brands of agricultural products.
Promote marine farming and sustainable seafood exploitation
The Prime Minister emphasized that it is necessary to promote the potential and advantages from the sea, develop the marine economy, promote marine farming and sustainable seafood exploitation; drastically implement measures to completely solve the EC’s recommendations to remove the “Yellow Card”, prevent and strictly handle fishing vessels illegally fishing abroad; to study and propose to set up the Fisheries Infrastructure Development Fund to mobilize resources for investment in the development of fisheries infrastructure.
At the same time, develop industry, services and occupations in rural areas to shift rural economic structure, improve the quality of vocational training for farmers, and shift agricultural labor to industry and services to improve the quality of life. gradually narrow the gap between the rich and the poor between rural and urban areas; to step up international integration and cooperation to develop agriculture and rural areas, and at the same time actively fight to protect the rights and interests of the nation, and to protect Vietnamese agricultural products; complete procedures, submit it to the National Assembly for consideration and decision on investment policy and effectively implement the national target program on building new rural areas in the 2021-2025 period, associated with rural economic development. , create conditions to improve people’s lives and incomes, preserve and promote the cultural identity of each region, associate with urbanization, avoid following movements and forms, waste; clearly define the objectives, subjects, scope and content of the Program, avoid overlapping or overlapping with other programs and projects, and focus on giving priority to supporting communes and districts that have not yet met the new rural standards.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development shall strengthen the management, protection and development of forests, especially natural forests and protection forests; urgently review forest inventory, submit to the Prime Minister for approval the national forestry master plan, create favorable conditions for socio-economic development; closely monitor weather and natural disasters, proactively direct the production and deploy natural disaster response in a timely and effective manner, not to be passive or unexpected, and minimize damage caused by natural disasters; assume the prime responsibility for, and cooperate with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in directing and implementing the project on population relocation in areas at risk of landslides, pipe floods and flash floods to ensure the safety of life and property for citizen.
Along with that, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development needs to do well in Party building, organization and cadre work, strictly implement the Resolutions of the Central Committee on building a clean and strong Party. (Resolution of the 4th Central Committee of the XI, XII), associated with the implementation of Directive 05 of the Politburo on promoting learning and following Ho Chi Minh’s thought, morality and style, associated with the responsibility to set an example. , control power; building a lean, effective and efficient apparatus in the spirit of Resolutions No. 18-NQ/TW and No. 19-NQ/TW of the Central Government, abolishing the subsidized thinking towards non-business units, research and transform it into a service-providing center, reorganize it so that it is connected, not fragmented and overlapping; building a contingent of cadres in the spirit of Resolution 26-NQ/TW; pay special attention to building leaders who must be representative and worthy of morality, capacity, quality and reputation; doing well the work of emulation and commendation, coupled with tightening discipline and discipline, strictly handling violations; promptly encourage and reward good examples who work effectively, protect those who dare to think, dare to do, dare to speak for the common cause, creating an environment to encourage innovation.
Source: Vietnam News Agency